Caraga’s Corn Situation Report for 2021

Reference Number: 

2022-021

Date Released: 

July 6, 2022

 

Caraga’s corn production drop by 10.14 percent in 2021

 

Caraga’s total corn production in 2021 dropped by 10.14 percent from 157,639 metric tons in 2020 to 141,649 metric tons in 2021. The deceleration of production was attributed by the decrease of 8.12 percent in area harvested. Total area harvested in 2021 was estimated at 40,933 hectares which was 3,617 hectares lower compared with the 2020 level of 44,550 hectares. On the other hand, the yield per hectare decreased by 2.20 percent from 3.54 metric tons per hectare in 2020 to 3.46 metric tons per hectare in 2021.

 

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS

 

Figure 1. Volume of Corn Production by Croptype, Caraga: 2019-2021

 

Figure 1 displays the corn production by Croptype from 2019 to 2021.  The region’s white corn production decreased by 10.94 percent from 63,994 metric tons in 2020 to 56,992 metric tons in 2021. The area harvested decrease by 9.02 percent from 25,234 hectares in 2020 to 22,958 hectares in 2021 as shown in Figure 2.

 

Yellow corn production in 2021 reached 84,657 metric tons or 9.60 percent lower than the 93,645 metric tons harvested in 2020. Moreover, the harvested area decreased by 1,341 hectares from 19,316 hectares in 2020 to 17,975 hectares in 2021 (Figure 2).

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

Figure 2. Corn Area Harvested by Croptype, Caraga: 2019-2021

 

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

Figure 3. Corn Yield by Croptype, Caraga: 2019-2021

 

 

As shown in Figure 3, Caraga’s average yield of corn dropped to 3.46 metric tons per hectare in 2021 from 3.54 metric tons per hectare in 2020. The decrease in yield was attributed by the negative growth of both white corn and yellow corn produced per hectare.

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

Figure 4. Percent Distribution of Corn Production by Province, Caraga: 2021

 

Among the provinces in the region, Agusan del Sur consistently posted the highest share of the region’s total corn production in 2021 at 76.68 percent. Agusan del Norte rank second with 13.53 percent share followed by Surigao del Sur with 8.19 percent share. Meanwhile, the provinces of Surigao del Norte and Dinagat Islands shared only 1.34 percent and 0.26 percent, respectively. 

 

  Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

Figure 5. Percent Distribution of Area Harvested by Province, Caraga: 2021

 

Figure 5 shows the percent distribution of area harvested by province in 2021. Of all the provinces in Caraga, the province of Agusan del Sur remains the highest contributor with a share of 72.53 percent of the region’s total area harvested. It was followed by the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur with 12.55 percent and 12.35 percent share, respectively. Fourth in rank was the province of Surigao del Norte with 2.15 percent share. Meanwhile, the province of Dinagat Islands contributed 0.42 percent of the total area harvested in the region.

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

  Figure 6. Volume of Corn Production by Province, Caraga: 2021

 

Figure 6 displays Caraga’s actual volume of corn production by province in 2021. The province of Agusan del Sur posted the highest volume of corn harvested among the five provinces recording 108,621 metric tons in 2021. It was followed by the province of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur with a total volume of 19,158 metric tons and 11,606 metric tons, respectively. While the province of Surigao del Norte and Dinagat Islands produced 1,894 metric tons and 370 metric tons, respectively.

 

 

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority, Corn Production Survey (CPS)

    Figure 7. Corn Area Harvested by Province, Caraga: 2021

 

Figure 7 shows the total area harvested for corn by province in 2021. It displays that the largest portion of the area harvested in the region was noted in the province of Agusan del Sur comprising 29,690 hectares. This was followed by the province of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur with 5,138 hectares and 5,054 hectares, respectively. The province of Surigao del Norte posted a harvest in 881 hectares while the Province of Dinagat Islands harvested 170 hectares of corn for the year 2021.

 

 

 

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

The Corn Production Survey (CPS) is one of the major agricultural surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). It is a quarterly survey which covers sample farming households in sample barangays in 79 provinces except Batanes including Zamboanga City and Davao City. This generates estimates and forecasts on corn production, area and yield and other production-related data that serve as inputs for policy making and programs on corn.

 

Production refers to the quantity produced and actual harvested for a particular crop during the reference period. It includes those harvested but damaged, stolen, given away, consumed, given as harvester’s share, reserved, etc. Excluded are those produced but not harvested due to low price, lack of demand and force majeure or fortuitous events, etc.

 

Area harvested refers to the actual area harvested/to be harvested during the reference quarter. This excludes crop are which were totally damaged. Yield is an indicator of productivity derived by dividing total production by the area harvested

 

Estimates of production and harvest area of corn are generated from the Quarterly Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year, that is, January, April, July and October.  The data are taken from the production estimates of the previous quarter for each survey round.

 

 

Approved by:

 

 

 

(Sgd)ROSALINDA CELESTE-APURA, D.M.

Regional Director

Philippine Statistics Authority - RSSO XIII

Tel. No.: (085) 225-5219/ Telefax No.: (085) 815-4935

Email add: psacaraga_rsso13@yahoo.com

 

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